USS Decatur (DD-5) na skúškach, 1902

USS Decatur (DD-5) na skúškach, 1902


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Americké torpédoborce: Ilustrovaná história dizajnu, Norman Friedmann. Štandardná história vývoja amerických torpédoborcov, od najstarších torpédoborcov po povojnovú flotilu a pokrývajúca obrovské triedy torpédoborcov postavených pre obe svetové vojny. Umožňuje čitateľovi dobre porozumieť diskusiám, ktoré obklopovali každú triedu torpédoborcov a viedli k ich jednotlivým črtám.


Aby sme nezabudli: „Nie je vo hviezdach, aby sme držali svoj osud, ale v sebe.“

Zdá sa, že povestné hviezdy boli pre mladého dôstojníka zarovnané. Po absolvovaní Americkej námornej akadémie v roku 1905 bol vyslaný do úplne novej bojovej lode v ázijskej flotile, v tej dobe slivkovej. Jeho rané vystúpenie bolo také pôsobivé, že ako práporčík prevzal velenie nad novo povereným delovým člnom USS Panay a súčasné velenie malej námornej stanici na Filipínach, ktorá ho prinútila opísať jeho šťastie ako „jednu nohu na brehu a jednu na mori“.

Mladému práporčíkovi to išlo naďalej dobre. Keď v polovici roku 1907 krátko hrozila vojna s Japonskom, prevzal velenie nad torpédoborcom USS Decatur (DD-5). Prekonal významné výzvy včasnej prípravy lode na vojnu a neskôr úspešne transportoval hosťujúceho ministra vojny Williama Howarda Tafta z Olongapo do Manily. Zdalo sa zrejmé, že viera, ktorú do neho vložili jeho nadriadení, bola opodstatnená.


USS Decatur

Stephen Decatur, narodený 5. januára 1779 v Sinepuxente, USA, získal oprávnenie na pomocného námorníka vo veku 19 rokov a uskutočnil svoju prvú plavbu po fregate v USA. Ako veliteľ škuneru Enterprise po vypuknutí Tripolitickej vojny zajal 23. decembra 1803 bombičku Mastico. Túto loď, premenovanú na Intrepid, použil pri svojom odvážnom nálete na spálenie zajatej fregaty Philadelphia v prístave Tripolis, 16. Februára 1804. Vyznamenal sa aj počas útokov na Tripolis vo vedení divízie delových člnov. Povýšený na kapitána bol poverený velením ústavy a neskôr, v novembri 1804, Kongresom. Rokoval s Bey z Tunisu na konci tripolitickej vojny a v septembri 1805 sa s tuniským vyslancom vrátil do USA.

Počas vojny v roku 1812 velil Spojeným štátom a zajal macedónsku HMS pri jednej z najväčších akcií jednej lode v histórii pupka. Prevzal velenie prezidenta v New Yorku a pri pokuse o prekĺznutie blokády padla britská letka piatich ťažkých lodí. Po 2 hodinách zúrivého boja bola fregata HMS Endymion ticho, ale prezident utrpel také rozsiahle škody, že útek nebolo možné vykonať. Dvakrát zranený Decatur sa neochotne vzdal, ale bol podmienečne prepustený a pristál v New London 22. februára 1815.

Po návrate do Stredomoria v roku 1815, Decatur v Guerriere, vyjednal s Deyom z Alžíru zmluvu, ktorá ukončila hold a vymáhala úplné zaplatenie za zranenie Američanom, potom uzavrel podobné dohody s Bey z Tunisu a Bashawom z Tripolisu. Od novembra 1815 až do smrti Commodora Jamesa Barona v súboji 22. marca 1820 slúžil Decatur v komisii námorných komisárov.

(Sloop: tonáž 566, dĺžka 117 ', nosník, 32', hĺbka držania, 15 ', ponor, 15'8', rýchlosť 10 uzlov, doplnenie 150 výzbroje, 14 32 libier, 2 12 libier)

Prvý Decatur, vojnová šalupa, bol postavený v rokoch 1838 a 1839 v New York Navy Yard. Pod velením veliteľa HW Ogdena odplávala z New Yorku 16. marca 1840 do služby u brazílskej letky a vrátila sa do Norfolku 28. februára 1843. Jej druhá plavba, od 5. augusta 1843 do 3. januára 1845, bola s africkou letkou na potlačenie obchod s otrokmi. V rokoch 1845 a 1846 bola umiestnená do obyčajného stavu.

Decatur vyplával z Hampton Roads 1. marca 1847 a po krátkom pobyte v námornom dvore Pensacola dorazil 14. apríla z hradu Juan de Uloa v Mexiku do služby v mexickej vojne. Napriek tomu, že bola príliš veľká na to, aby vystúpila na rieku Tuxpan, 14 jej dôstojníkov a 118 mužov sprevádzalo expedíciu Commodora Perryho na útok na Tuxpan. Tiež zariadila 8 dôstojníkov a 104 mužov na zajatie Tabasca od 14. do 16. júna. Pokračovala v plavbe v mexických vodách až do 2. septembra, keď sa plavila do Bostonu, pričom dorazila 12. novembra.

Decatur sa opäť pripojila k africkej letke a križovala na severozápadnom pobreží Afriky, aby hľadala otrokárske lode a chránila americké záujmy od 2. februára 1848 do 15. novembra 1849. Po obyčajnom období odplávala z Portsmouthu, NH, do služby u domácej letky , križovala pobrežie Atlantiku a Karibiku, až kým neprišla do Bostonu 21. augusta 1852, kde bola vyradená z prevádzky na opravu.

Po opätovnom uvedení do prevádzky 12. júla 1853 sa Decatur pripojil k špeciálnej letke, ktorá mala strážiť rybársky záujem amerických občanov v severoatlantických vodách. V septembri sa vrátil do Bostonu, aby sa pripravil na vzdialenú službu. Potom, čo v januári a februári 1854 hľadala nezvestné obchodné mesto San Francisco v Karibiku, vyplávala 16. júna z Norfolku, aby sa pripojila k pacifickej letke. Po búrlivom tranzite Magellanovho prielivu zavolala do Valparaisa v Čile, dorazila 15. januára 1855, potom od 28. marca do 23. júna navštívila Honolulu. Decatur sa plavil na územie Washingtonu a 19. júla vstúpil do prielivu Juan de Fuca.

Decatur zostal na severozápade Pacifiku, aby odradil ohniská Indiánov, a až do 2. júna 1856 prešiel medzi 2. augustom a 27. septembrom 1855 do San Franciska kvôli zásobám. 13. júna 1856 dorazila do námorného dvora na ostrove Mare Island a 8. januára 1857 odplávala do Panamy, pričom sa dotkla stredoamerických prístavov na ochranu amerických záujmov. 3. júna odplávala do Nikaraguy, aby evakuovala amerických občanov spojených s pirátskou expedíciou Williama Walkera do Panamy, kam dorazila 5. augusta. Križovala z Panamy, Peru a Čile do 23. marca 1859, keď jej bolo nariadené vrátiť sa na ostrov Mare. Tam bola vyradená z prevádzky 20. júna 1859 a zostala obyčajná až do marca 1863, keď bola vybavená ako prístavná batéria a umiestnená pri San Franciscu. Bola predaná na ostrove Mare 17. augusta 1865.

(Torpédoborec DD-5: výtlak 420, dĺžka 250 ', nosník 23'7 & quot; ponor 6'6 & quot; rýchlosť 28 uzlov, doplnenie 73 výzbroje 2 3 & quot; 2 18 & quot; torpédomety triedy Bainbridge)

Druhý Decatur (DD-5) vypustil 26. septembra 1900 William R. Trigg Co., Richmond, VA. Sponzorovala ho slečna M. D. Mayoová, pravnučka Commodora Decatura, a do prevádzky 19. mája 1902 velil poručík L. H. Chandler.

Decatur bola označená za vedúcu loď 1. flotily Torpedo, s ktorou viedla cvičenia a manévre pozdĺž východného pobrežia a v Karibiku až do decembra 1903, keď flotila vyplávala z Norfolku na ázijskú stanicu a plavila sa po Suezskom kanáli. Príchod do Cavite, PI, 14. apríla 1904, Decatur cvičil pozdĺž čínskeho pobrežia a plavil sa vo filipínskych vodách, kým nebol zaradený do rezervy na Cavite 5. decembra 1905. Nasledujúce 3 roky vykonávala zriedkavé plavby, vrátane jednej na južné Filipíny v januári a Februára 1908 a Saigonu v máji 1908.

Keďže bola Decatur vyradená z prevádzky vo februári 1909, bola zaradená do provízie vo vyhradených 22. apríla 1910 a v úplnom komisii 22. decembra 1910. Pokračovala v prevádzke s flotilou Torpedo, plaviacou sa po južných Filipínach a medzi prístavmi Číny a Japonska do 1. augusta 1917. keď odišla do Stredomoria. Pridelená americkým hliadkovým letkám dorazila na Gibraltár 20. októbra 1917 na hliadkové a konvojové služby v Atlantiku a Stredozemí do 8. decembra 1918. Decatur dorazil do Philadelphie 6. februára 1919 a tam bol 20. júna 1919 vyradený z prevádzky. Bola predaná 3. januára 1920.

(Torpédoborec DD-341: výtlak 1 190 dĺžky 314'5 "lúča 30'8" ponor 9'3 "rýchlosť 36 uzlov dopĺňa 126 výzbroje 4 4", 2 3 ", 4 21" torpédomety triedy Clemson)

Tretí Decatur (DD-341) vypustil 29. októbra 1921 námorný dvor Mare Island sponzorovaný pani J. S. McKeanovou a spustil ho do prevádzky 9. augusta 1922 poručík C. K. Osborne.

Po dokončení skúšok sa Decatur plavila do San Diega, kde bola 17. januára 1923 vyradená z prevádzky. 26. septembra 1923 bola znovu uvedená do prevádzky a stala sa vlajkovou loďou Destroyer Squadron 11, Battle Fleet. Do roku 1937 pôsobila pozdĺž západného pobrežia a v karibských a havajských vodách. Od apríla do septembra 1925 križovala na Samoa, Nový Zéland a do Austrálie a v apríli 1926 vykonala rozsiahly prieskum mexického pobrežia. Nastúpila na miesto tajomníka námorníctva C.D. Wilbur v Bremertone, Washington. 28. júla 1926 a plavil sa na oficiálne návštevy aljašských prístavov, pričom sa 6. augusta vrátil do Bremertonu. Transportovala haitskú komisiu do kantánskeho Santiaga, dorazila 14. marca 1930, potom navštívila New York a záliv Chesapeake na prehliadke prezidentskej flotily z 19. mája, potom sa v júni vrátila na západné pobrežie.

Decatur dorazil do Norfolku 22. februára 1937 do služby s výcvikovým oddelením americkej flotily. Doprovodila prezidenta F. D. Roosevelta v Potomacu (AG-25) do New Orleans a Texasu, potom slúžila do výcvikových plavieb Midshipman a Naval Reserve a do septembra 1941 na hliadkach neutrality pozdĺž východného pobrežia na Kubu.

Po príchode do Argentie, Newfoundland, 14. septembra 1941, Decatur slúžil ako sprievod konvoja a hliadky v prístavoch na Islande až do návratu do Bostonu 17. mája 1942. Od 4. júna do 25. augusta pôsobila v službe konvoja medzi Norfolkom a Key Westom, potom medzi New Yorkom a záliv Guantánamo od 30. augusta 10. do 13. októbra. Do 14. januára 1943 sprevádzala lode z New Yorku na more a do Bostonu, potom odletela 11. februára na plavbu po Stredozemnom mori a vrátila sa na ostrov Aruba v Holandskej západnej Indii. Do 1. októbra absolvovala ďalšie štyri plavby z New Yorku a Aruby do Stredozemného mora.

Decatur sa pripojila k pracovnej skupine zameranej na Card (CV-11) a odplávala z Norfolku 24. novembra 1943 na protiponorkový prieskum, pričom sa vrátila do New Yorku 3. januára 1944. Od 26. januára do 17. februára sprevádzala konvoj do Panamy a vracala sa s ďalším do Hampton Roads. 13. marca odbavila Norfolk ako vlajkovú loď TF 64 a sprevádzala veľký konvoj do tuniského Bizerte. V posledný marcový deň pri plavbe medzi Oranom a Alžírom sily úspešne odrazili koordinovaný úder nemeckých ponoriek a lietadiel, aby dorazili na miesto určenia 3. apríla. O osem dní neskôr bol Decatur na ceste do USA, aby dorazil do Bostonu 2. mája, na krátku generálnu opravu a udržiavací výcvik.

Po príchode do Norfolku 2. júla 1944 Decatur vyplávala z tohto prístavu na sprievod a výcvikovú službu v Karibskom mori až do posledného dňa júna 1945, keď vstúpila do námornej lodenice Philadelphia na deaktiváciu. Tam bola 28. júla 1945 vyradená z prevádzky a 30. novembra 1945 predaná.

Decatur získal dve bojové hviezdy za službu druhej svetovej vojny.

(Torpédoborec DD-936: výtlak 3 807 (plné zaťaženie) dĺžka 418'5 & quot; lúč 45'1 & quot; ponor 14'6 & quot; rýchlosť 33 uzlov dopĺňa 311 výzbroj 3 5 & quot; 4 3 & quot; 4 21 & quot; torpédomety, 1 hĺbková nabíjacia dráha cl. Forrest Sherman)

Štvrtý Decatur (DD-936) bol spustený 15. decembra 1955 spoločnosťou Bethlehem Steel Co., Quincy, Massachusetts, sponzorovaná pani WA Pierceovou a pani DJ Armsdenovou, potomkami Commodora Decatura a uvedený do prevádzky 7. decembra 1956, veliteľom JJ Skahill. .

Decatur odplával z Newportu 3. septembra 1957, aby sa zúčastnil operácie NATO „Strikeback“, volajúcej v škótskom Largs a Rosyth, a potom sa 22. októbra vrátil do Newportu. Slúžila v miestnych operáciách do 1. februára 1958, keď sa plavila do Stredozemného mora na služobnú cestu k 6. flotile. 28. augusta sa vrátila do svojho domovského prístavu na operácie na východnom pobreží.

Od 7. augusta 1959 do 26. februára 1960 sa vrátila do služby v Stredozemnom mori, potom sa v období od marca do septembra zapojila do protiponorkových cvičení a plavby stredného námorníka v Atlantiku. 6. septembra sa Decatur plavila po plavbe, ktorá ju priviedla na sever od polárneho kruhu cez Stredozemné more a Suezský prieplav do Arabského mora a Indického oceánu a späť do Stredozemného mora, kde operovala so 6. flotilou. Torpédoborec sa vrátil do Newportu v polovici decembra.

V tomto modeli operácií-šesťmesačnom nasadení v Stredozemí, po ktorom zhruba rok bude pokračovať v domácich vodách-by pokračovala ďalšie tri roky. Vrcholom tohto obdobia bolo zotavenie Decaturu, prvého svojho druhu, vesmírnej lode NASA na mori v septembri 1961.

Dňa 6. mája 1964, počas cvičenia ASW pri Virgínskych mysoch, torpédoborec utrpel vážne poškodenie nadstavby-oba stožiare boli stratené cez bok a most a oba stohy boli rozdrvené, pričom pri zrážke došlo k pozoruhodnému zraneniu iba jedného námorníka. s jazerom Champlain (CVS-39). Odťahovaná do Norfolku absolvovala dočasné opravy po boku Shenandoah (AD-26) a potom sa koncom mesiaca vrátila do Newportu. Decatur, poklepaná na prestavbu na novú triedu torpédoborcov s riadenými strelami, následne odplávala na sever do Bostonu a po vstupe do námornej lodenice v Charlestowne bola zaradená do rezervy 1. novembra a potom vyradená z prevádzky 15. júna 1965. Kým bola na dvore, Začali sa konverzné práce, ktoré zahŕňali inštaláciu raketového systému TARTAR, nových radarov na riadenie paľby, systému ASROC a nového sonaru a ďalšieho elektronického vybavenia, a 15. septembra 1966 bola preklasifikovaná na DDG-31.

Decatur, ktorá bola uvedená do prevádzky 29. apríla 1967, v lete prešla kolaudáciou a 22. augusta odplávala do svojho nového domovského prístavu v Long Beach v Kalifornii. Po príchode 26. septembra získala dostupnosť po otrasoch a vykonala niekoľko mesiacov skúšok streľby z rakiet, než bola 10. júna 1968 vyhlásená za pripravenú na službu.

18. júla začala Decatur svoje prvé nasadenie v Pacifiku. Po príchode na stanicu Yankee v Tonkinskom zálive 23. augusta začala vojnová loď šesťmesačné pracovné nasadenie protivzdušnej obrany a riadenia letovej prevádzky pre dopravcov a ich letecké skupiny. Medzi povinnosťami na stanici Yankee navštívila Subic Bay, Hongkong a Singapur. 26. februára 1969 sa vrátila domov, cez Austráliu, Nový Zéland a Americkú Samou.

Po takmer roku miestnych operácií, ktoré zahŕňali návštevy Seattlu, Pearl Harboru a Acapulca, sa 10. februára 1970 vrátila k operáciám v západnom Pacifiku. Počas tejto plavby okrem operácií mimo Vietnamu navštívil Taiwan a Japonsko, než odplával domov 27. júla. Pred 29. domovom sa opäť otočila na juh cez rovník a zastavila sa v Austrálii a na Novom Zélande.

Po generálnej oprave nasledujúcej jari strávil Decatur leto 1971 vedením aktualizačného výcviku pri pobreží južnej Kalifornie. Začala sa s tretím nasadením WestPac 1. októbra a na stanicu Yankee dorazila 2. novembra. Rovnako ako jej posledné dve nasadenia, torpédoborec riadených striel prekladal jej podporu operácií nosičov návštevami Subic Bay, Hongkongu a príležitostným vpádom do Japonského mora alebo Indického oceánu. Cez južný oceán sa opäť vrátila domov a 7. apríla 1972 zakotvila v Long Beach.

Decatur pokračovala v tomto vzore-plavba po Vietname, po ktorej nasledovalo obnovovacie školenie mimo Kalifornie-aj pri ďalších dvoch nasadeniach. Tie sa konali od januára do júla 1973 a od augusta 1974 do nasledujúceho januára, predtým, ako začala s dlhou generálnou opravou v námornej lodenici Long Beach na jar a v lete 1975. Aj keď sa krížnik s riadenými raketami stále nasadil v západnom Pacifiku po Na konci vojny vo Vietname sa Decatur sústredila na operácie v južnom Pacifiku a v Juhočínskom mori počas plavby WestPac od septembra 1976 do mája 1977.

V decembri 1978 sa vrátila do oblasti, aj keď potom pokračovala do Indického oceánu na operácie mimo Indiu a Pakistan. Vo februári 1979 sa Decatur odvážil do Perzského zálivu na krátku návštevu Bahrajnu, potom sa plavil na dlhú cestu domov a 8. apríla zakotvil v San Diegu. V tom istom roku podstúpila ďalšiu generálnu opravu a kvalifikáciu dokončila až v marci 1981.

Torpédoborec riadených striel zahájil svoje ďalšie nasadenie 27. apríla, ale tentoraz sa plavil do Japonska a Kórey na cvičenia a potom vyrazil na juh na Filipíny. V auguste naparovala na juh cez rovník do Austrálie a na Nový Zéland a 20. októbra sa vrátila domov.

Posledné nasadenie Decaturu začalo 30. októbra 1982, keď sa plavila k Japonskému moru na komplexné cvičenie „Vojna na mori“. Po návšteve Hongkongu odplávala na juh na cvičenia z Thajska a potom sa presunula do Perzského zálivu. Keď tam bola, pomohla pokryť dopravu tankerov ohrozenú iránsko-irackou vojnou a potom sa 7. mája 1983 vrátila cez Pacifik do Pearl Harboru.

Vzhľadom na svoje starnúce stroje a staré zbraňové systémy bola Decatur vyradená z prevádzky v Pearl Harbor 30. júna 1983. Zasiahnutá zo zoznamu námorníctva 16. marca 1988 bola presunutá na Naval Sea Systems Command na použitie ako experimentálna testovacia platforma. V roku 2001 zostáva v San Bruno v Kalifornii ako testovací hromotĺk pre námorné inžinierske velenie.

Za službu vo Vietname získal Decatur šesť bojových hviezd.

(Destroyer DDG-73: výtlak 6 624 (ľahký) dĺžka 504'6 "lúč 66'6" ponor 20'8 "rýchlosť 30+ uzlov dopĺňa 342 výzbroje 2 VLS, w/Standard, Tomahawk, rakety Harpoon, 5", 1 CWIS, 6 12 "torpédo elektrónky, 2 helikoptéry SH-60 triedy Arleigh Burke)

Piaty Decatur (DDG-73) bol položený 11. januára 1996 spoločnosťou Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, ktorá bola spustená 9. novembra 1996, sponzorovaná pani Joan E. Shalikashvili, manželkou predsedu spoločných náčelníkov štábov a poverená 19. júna 1998 veliteľ Pete Gumataotao veliteľ.

Po kombinovanej shakedowne a tranzitnej plavbe na západné pobrežie, počas ktorej Decatur navštívila San Juan, Portoriko, Puerto Vallarta, Mexiko a Portland, dorazil Oregon do svojho nového domovského prístavu v San Diegu 4. septembra. Zostávajúcu časť roka strávila vykonávaním akustických skúšok a hodnoteniami bojových systémov. Decatur potom strávil tri mesiace v dostupnosti po otrasoch na juhozápadnom morskom dvore.

V apríli 1999 vojnová loď vykonala krátku plavbu na severozápad, navštívila ostrov Decatur vo Washingtone a Vancouver v Britskej Kolumbii, potom sa začiatkom mája vrátila do San Diega. Po druhej augustovej návšteve Washingtonu Decatur pomohol Bunker Hillovej v podobe asistenčného vozidla MV Gardenia Ace-nosiča auta-ktoré utrpelo požiar v jej strojovni.

Po dokončení svojich záverečných raketových skúšok a skúšok na mori Decatur zahájila svoje prvé nasadenie v západnom Pacifiku 7. januára 2000. Po zastavení v Pearl Harbor na nakladanie rakiet pozemného útoku Tomahawk pokračoval krížnik s riadenými strelami do Žltého mora na cvičenie Sharem 2000. -spoločné námorné cvičenie USA a Južnej Kórey-koncom januára. 30. vojnová loď navštívila juhokórejský Chinhae a počas nasledujúcich dvoch týždňov sa zastavila aj v japonskom meste Jokosuka a Nagasaki. Potom sa plavila na juh cez Taiwanský prieliv, absolvovala trojdňovú návštevu prístavu v Hongkongu a potom zahájila cvičenie Juhočínskeho mora s jednotkami filipínskeho námorníctva.

Začiatkom marca Decatur navštívil Malajziu a Guam a v apríli sa plavil na juh cez rovník na Fidži. Po návštevách Americkej Samoy a početných prístavov v Austrálii sa 8. júna krížnik s riadenými strelami vrátil do San Diega.

Po opravách údržby a plavby operovala vojnová loď lokálne mimo San Diego po zvyšok roka. Vo februári 2001 začal Decatur prípravy na operácie bojových skupín dopravcov pri západnom pobreží.


USS Decatur (DD -5) na skúškach, 1902 - História

(DD-341: dp. 1 190 1, 314'5 "b. 30'8" dr. 9'3 "36 k. Cpl. 126 a. 4 4", 2 3 ", 4 21" tt. Cl. Clemeon)

Tretí Decatur (DD-341) spustila 29. októbra 1921 spoločnosť Mare Island Navy Yard, sponzorovaná pani J. S. McKeanovou a poverená 9. augusta 1922 veliteľom poručíkom C. K. Osbornom.

Po dokončení skúšok sa Decatur plavila do San Diega, kde bola 17. januára 1923 vyradená z prevádzky. 26. septembra 1923 bola znovu uvedená do prevádzky a stala sa vlajkovou loďou Destroyer Squadron 11, Battle Fleet. Do roku 1937 pôsobila pozdĺž západného pobrežia a v karibských a havajských vodách. Od apríla do septembra 1925 križovala na Samoa, Nový Zéland a do Austrálie a v apríli 1926 vykonala rozsiahly prieskum mexického pobrežia. 28. júla 1926 nastúpila na sekretariát námorníctva C. D. Wilbura do Bremertonu vo Washingtone a plavila sa na oficiálne návštevy v aljašských prístavoch, pričom sa 6. augusta vrátila do Bremertonu. Transportovala haitskú komisiu do kantánskeho Santiaga, dorazila 14. marca 1930, potom navštívila New York a záliv Chesapeake na prehliadke prezidentskej flotily z 19. mája, potom sa v júni vrátila na západné pobrežie.

Decatur dorazil do Norfolku 22. februára 1937 do služby s výcvikovým oddelením americkej flotily. Doprovodila prezidenta F. D. Roosevelta v Potomacu (AG 25) do New Orleans a Texasu, potom slúžila do výcvikových plavieb Midshipman a Naval Reserve a do septembra 1941 na hliadke neutrality pozdĺž východného pobrežia na Kubu.

Po príchode do Argentie, Newfoundland, 14. septembra 1941, Decatur slúžil ako sprievod konvoja a hliadky v prístavoch na Islande, až kým sa 17. mája 1942 nevrátil do Bostonu.

Od 4. júna do 25. augusta pôsobila v službe konvoja medzi Norfolkom a Key Westom, potom od 30. augusta do 13. októbra medzi New Yorkom a zálivom Guantanamo. Do 14. januára 1943 sprevádzala lode z New Yorku na more a do Bostonu, potom odletela 11. februára na plavbu po Stredozemnom mori a vrátila sa na ostrov Aruba v Holandskej západnej Indii. Do 1. októbra absolvovala ďalšie štyri plavby z New Yorku a Aruby do Stredozemného mora.

Decatur sa pripojila k pracovnej skupine zameranej na Card (CV-11) a odplávala z Norfolku 24. novembra 1943 na protiponorkový prieskum, pričom sa vrátila do New Yorku 3. januára 1944. Od 26. januára do 17. februára sprevádzala konvoj do Panamy a vracala sa s ďalším do Hampton Roads. 13. marca odbavila Norfolk ako vlajkovú loď TF 64 a sprevádzala veľký konvoj do tuniského Bizerte. V posledný marcový deň pri plavbe medzi Oranom a Alžírom sily úspešne odrazili koordinovaný úder nemeckých ponoriek a lietadiel, aby dorazili na miesto určenia 3. apríla. O osem dní neskôr bol Decatur na ceste do USA a prišiel do Bostonu 2. mája na krátku generálnu opravu a udržiavací výcvik.

Po príchode do Norfolku 2. júla 1944 Decatur vyplávala z tohto prístavu na sprievod a výcvikovú službu v Karibskom mori až do posledného dňa júna 1945, keď vstúpila do námornej lodenice Philadelphia na deaktiváciu. Tam bola 28. júla 1945 vyradená z prevádzky a 30. novembra 1945 predaná


USS Decatur (DD -5) na skúškach, 1902 - História

---------- W sierpniu 1902, gdy 1. Flotylla
sk łada ła si ę jeszcze tylko z USS DECATUR
oraz pi ęciu torpedowc ów ( USS BARNEY , USS
BIDLEY
, USS SHUBRICK , USS STOCKTON i
USS THORNTON ), po raz pierwszy wzi ęla
udzia ł w manewrach floty, mi.in. z udzia łem
kilku pancernik ów.

------- Po zako ńczeniu wojny wr óci ł do USA-6 lutego 1919 r. wszed ł do
Filadelfii, za ś po paru miesi ącach postoju, 20 czerwca 1919 r. skre ślono
go z listov floty.

Wyporno ś ć: 430 t štandard, 420 ton

Uzbrojenie: 2 dzia ła 76 mm, 2 dzia ła 57 mm (tzw. Sze ściofunt ówki)
2 (2xI) wyrzutnie torpedowe 457 mm

Wymiary: 76,19 x 7,18 x 1,98 m

Zasi ęg: 1700 Mm przy 16 w ęz łach

Nap ęd: 2 pionowe maszyny parowe o potr ójnej ekspansji (8000 KM) 2 śruby


USS Decatur (DDG 73)

USS DECATUR je 23. torpédoborec v triede ARLEIGH BURKE a 13. loď v tejto triede postavená spoločnosťou Bath Iron Works.

Všeobecné charakteristiky: Keel Laid: 15. januára 1996
Spustené: 9. novembra 1996
Zadané: 29. augusta 1998
Staviteľ: Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine
Pohonný systém: štyri plynové turbíny General Electric LM 2500
Vrtule: dve
Čepele na každej vrtuli: päť
Dĺžka: 154 metrov (505,25 stôp)
Šírka: 67 stôp (20,4 metra)
Ponor: 9,5 metra
Zdvihový objem: cca. 8 300 ton pri plnom zaťažení
Rýchlosť: 30+ uzlov
Lietadlo: Žiadne. Elektronika LAMPS 3 je však nainštalovaná na pristávacej plošine pre koordinované operácie DDG/helikoptéry ASW.
Výzbroj: dve rakety MK 41 VLS pre štandardné strely, odpaľovače rakiet Tomahawk Harpoon, jedna ľahká zbraň kalibru Mk 45 5 palcov/54, dve torpéda Phalanx CIWS, Mk 46 (z dvoch držiakov s troma rúrkami)
Domovský prístav: San Diego, Kalifornia.
Posádka: 23 dôstojníkov, 24 vedúcich drobných dôstojníkov a 291 zaradených

Táto časť obsahuje mená námorníkov, ktorí slúžili na palube lode USS DECATUR. Nie je to žiadny oficiálny zoznam, ale obsahuje mená námorníkov, ktorí predložili svoje informácie.

O erbe lode:

(Pre väčšiu verziu kliknite na Erb)

Tmavomodrá predstavuje námorníctvo a oceány, je to ríša. Seax pripomína sériu víťazstiev Stephena Decatura nad námornými silami severoafrických teroristických národov vrátane jeho odvážneho zničenia zajatej fregaty PHILADELPHIA. Anglický dôstojnícky meč symbolizuje Decaturovo brilantné víťazstvo nad HMS MACEDONIAN počas vojny v roku 1812 v jednej z najväčších akcií jednej lode v námornej histórii. Nebeská koruna predstavuje schopnosti proti vzdušnému boju a nesie päť parmičiek, jednu pre každú z lodí s názvom „Decatur“ až po najnovšiu loď vrátane. Pripomína tiež zásnuby Stephena Decatura proti Britom počas vojny v roku 1812. Scarlet označuje odvahu, zlato symbolizuje dokonalosť.

Dedičstvo názvu „Decatur“ pripomína lodný stožiar a plachta, ktoré pripomína námorníctvo za čias Stephena Decatura a prvé plavidlo nesúce jeho meno-vojnová šalupa postavená v roku 1838. Stožiar tiež odkazuje na tradičnú konštrukciu borovice plavidiel Decaturovho námorníctva. Vlajka symbolizuje najvyššiu námornú autoritu, ktorú získal menovec lode, Commodore Stephen Decatur.

O mene ničiteľa, o komodorovi Stephenovi Decaturovi:

Decatur sa narodil v Marylande a vyrastal vo Philadelphii. Ukázal však, že je odvážnym a odvážnym mužom: bol známy tým, že sa potápal z hrotov výložníka a ako 14 -ročný bránil svoju matku pred opitým násilníkom. V roku 1798 bol poverený práporčíkom. Do roka bol povýšený na poručíka SPOJENÝCH ŠTÁTOV.

Chválený za rozhodujúci štýl vedenia počas stretnutia s PHILADELPHIOU sa Decatur stal najvýraznejšou postavou Tripolitických vojen. Následne prijal komisiu kapitána, ktorý velil ÚSTAVE a neskôr KONGRESU. Nasledovala zodpovednosť za flotilu delostreleckých lodí v Chesapeake, vedenie námorného dvora v Norfolku a velenie nad všetkými americkými námornými silami na juhovýchodnom pobreží. Predsedal tiež rôznym vyšetrovacím súdom pre námorné záležitosti.

Počas vojny v roku 1812 Decatur bojoval a porazil MACEDONIANA, druhé z jeho troch známych stretnutí s fregatami. Medzi ďalšie pozoruhodné stretnutia patrí bitka medzi PREZIDENTOM a britskou blokádou newyorského prístavu, kde Decatur dokázal zničiť nepriateľskú fregatu ENDYMION. PREZIDENTA bol neskôr zajatý a Decatur zranený, ale víťazstvo nad ENDYMIONOM mu prinieslo veľkú chválu.

V roku 1815 Decatur velil deväťlodnej letke smerujúcej do Alžíru, aby urovnal konflikty, ktoré pretrvávali od roku 1812. Decaturove schopnosti vyjednávača boli uznané po tom, ako zaistil zmluvu s Alžírčanmi a získal náhradu od Tripolitanov. Počas oslavy prímeria so severoafrickými štátmi Decatur vyhlásil svoju slávnu vetu: „Naša krajina! Pri styku s cudzími národmi môže byť vždy správna, ale naša krajina správna alebo nesprávna.“

Od novembra 1815 až do svojej smrti slúžil Decatur v komisii námorných komisárov. Úspešní námorní vodcovia v dobe Decatur boli odmenení finančne za svoje činy. Decatur investoval svoje rozsiahle peňažné peniaze v oblasti Washingtonu, DC, stavbou domu Decatur House, ktorý dodnes stojí na námestí Lafayette.

Decaturova smrť bola predvídateľne hrdinská aj tragická. Ako námorný komisár bol proti znovunastoleniu kapitána Johna Barrona, ktorého počas služby vo vyšetrovacej komisii oveľa skôr pozastavil zo služby. Barron reagoval výzvou na súboj s oveľa mladším Decaturom. Decatur bol vždy čestným bojovníkom a rešpektoval Barronov chybný zrak iba na osem krokov a tvrdil, že nebude zabíjať. Pri prvej výmene bol Barron postrelený do stehna, Decatur dostal smrteľnú strelu. Ukázalo sa, že celý Washington smútil za hrdinom, ktorý zostáva dnes výraznou osobnosťou americkej námornej histórie.

Galéria obrázkov USS DECATUR:

Nasledujúce fotografie som urobil ja a ukazuje DECATUR na námornej základni San Diego v Kalifornii, 23. marca 2010.

Nasledujúce fotografie som urobil ja a ukazujú DECATUR v lodenici Huntington Ingalls Industries Continental Maritime of San Diego v San Diegu v Kalifornii. Fotografie boli urobené 29. a 30. septembra 2011.

Nasledujúce fotografie som nasnímal ja a ukazujú DECATUR na námornej základni San Diego v Kalifornii, 10. mája 2012.

Nasledujúce fotografie nasnímal Michael Jenning a zobrazujú DECATUR pri oprave lodí BAE Systems San Diego počas jej suchého dokovania, vybranej obmedzenej dostupnosti. Fotografie boli urobené 27. decembra 2014.

Nasledujúce fotografie nasnímal Michael Jenning a ukazujú, ako DECATUR prechádza Harbour Islandom v San Diegu na ceste späť na námornú základňu San Diego v Kalifornii, skoro ráno 5. októbra 2015.

Nasledujúce fotografie nasnímal Michael Jenning a ukazujú DECATUR na námornej základni San Diego v Kalifornii 18. apríla 2016 - deň pred odletom na nasadenie WestPac ako súčasť povrchovej akčnej skupiny.

Nasledujúce fotografie nasnímal Michael Jenning a ukazujú, ako DECATUR odchádza zo San Diega na nasadenie v západnom Pacifiku ako súčasť povrchovej akčnej skupiny 19. apríla 2016. Po odchode sa DECATUR krátko zastavil na móle Bravo a potom vyrazil na otvorené more.

Nasledujúce fotografie nasnímal Shiu On Yee a ukazujú DECATUR v prístave Victoria v Hongkongu 8. októbra 2016. DECATUR je v súčasnej dobe na nasadení WestPac ako súčasť povrchovej akčnej skupiny.

Nasledujúcu fotografiu zhotovil Sebastian Thoma a zobrazuje DECATUR na námornej základni San Diego v Kalifornii, 20. decembra 2016.

Nasledujúcu fotografiu zhotovil Michael Jenning a zobrazuje DECATUR na námornej základni San Diego v Kalifornii 11. októbra 2017.

Nasledujúcu fotografiu zhotovil Sebastian Thoma a zobrazuje DECATUR na námornej základni San Diego v Kalifornii 10. novembra 2017.

Nasledujúce fotografie nasnímal Michael Jenning a ukazujú, že DECATUR prechádza 12. októbra 2019 opravou lode BAE Systems San Diego, vybranou obmedzenou dostupnosťou (E-DSRA), a tým DECATUR.


USS DECATUR DDG-31

USS Decatur DDG-31, torpédoborec riadených striel triedy Forrest Sherman, bol v prevádzke takmer 30 rokov, od roku 1956 do roku 1983. Pôvodne označovaný ako DD-936, po desiatich rokoch služby bola loď premenená na torpédoborec riadených striel a znovu označený DDG-31.

Tu uvedené fotografie pokrývajú dva roky služby, 1968-1969, počas nasadenia lode v západnom Pacifiku ako súčasť tichomorskej flotily počas vojny vo Vietname. The images were captured by Brian Sullivan, who served on the ship as a Seaman. Brian was Ship’s Photographer, capturing thousands of images during these two years, on ship and shore. This collection of images shows the people and events of the USS Decatur DDG-31.

Brian has spent over 2 years preparing this website. Originally exposed as slides and carefully preserved for over 48 years, Brian spent countless hours transferring and scanning the original images to high quality digital images. The Image Gallery is organized by date and destination. All images are copyrighted and available for sharing.

This website project is a dedicated to preserving and publishing the experiences of his fellow shipmates. The images are presented here as a service and gift to Brian’s fellow veterans, their families, and others interested in this history..

Keel laid: September 13, 1954
Launched: December 15, 1955
Commissioned: December 7, 1956
Decommissioned: June 30, 1983
Staviteľ: Bethlehem Steel, Quincy, Mass.
Propulsion system: four-1200 lb. boilers two steam turbines two shafts
Propellers: two Length: 418.3 feet (127.5 meters)
Beam: 45,3 feet (13.8 meters)
Draft: 22 feet (6.7 meters)
Zdvihový objem: cca. 4,150 tons full load
Speed: 32+ knots Aircraft: none
Armament: one Mk-42 5-inch/54 caliber guns, Mk-32 ASW torpedo tubes (two triple mounts), one Mk-16 ASROC missile launcher, one Mk-13 Mod.1 missile launcher for Standard MR missiles
Crew: 25 officers, 339 enlisted.


Decatur House: A Home of the Rich and Powerful (Teaching with Historic Places)

From its beginnings in 1819 as the home of a wealthy naval hero, Decatur House—on Lafayette Park across from the White House in Washington, D.C.—has served as an elegant setting for social gatherings. Presidents, ambassadors, senators, congressmen, and other influential people gathered to listen to the gentle sound of their hostess playing the harp, gossiped about those who were not present, or engaged in hushed conversations about the rise or fall of the fortunes of other guests. Ambitious guests often used social events at Decatur House as a means to affirm their own power and influence in Washington.


Stephen Decatur's mansion reflected the importance that the politically ambitious once placed on being in close proximity to a site of authority—in this case the president's house. For more than 130 years, Decatur House was the coveted residence of individuals seeking political or social influence. Today, the National Trust for Historic Preservation operates Decatur House as a museum.

O tejto lekcii

This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file for Decatur House (and photographs) and related materials prepared by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, which preserves Decatur House as a historic house museum. It was written by Robin Fogg Schuldt, former Curator of Education for Decatur House Museum. Spoločnosť TwHP je čiastočne sponzorovaná Iniciatívou pre vzdelávanie v oblasti kultúrnych zdrojov a programami Parks as Classices služby Národného parku. Táto lekcia je jednou zo série, ktorá prináša dôležité príbehy historických miest do tried v celej krajine.

Kde to zapadá do učebných osnov

Témy: This lesson could be used in units on the early national period, including the War of 1812 and the growth of the federal city. It examines the life of Stephen Decatur, a naval hero who died as a result of a duel in 1820, and considers the role the house he built played in the political and social scene of the nation's capital up to the 20th century.

Časový úsek: Early 19th century to early 20th century

Štandardy americkej histórie pre stupne 5-12

Decatur House: A Home of the Rich and Powerful relates to the following National Standards for History:


Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801 to 1861)

Standard 1A- The student understands the international background and consequences of the Louisiana Purchase, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine.

Standard 2B- The student understands the first era of American urbanization.

Standard 3A- The student understands the changing character of American political life in "the age of the common man."

Štandardy učebných osnov pre sociálne štúdie

(National Council for the Social Studies)

Decatur House: A Home of the Rich and Powerful relates to the following Social Studies Standards:


Theme III: People, Places, and Environment

Standard D - The student estimates distance, calculates scale, and distinguishes other geographic relationships such as population density and spatial distribution patterns.

Standard G- The student describes how people create places that reflect cultural values and ideals as they build neighborhoods, parks, shopping centers, and the like.

Standard H - The student examines, interprets, and analyzes physical and cultural patterns and their interactions, such as land use, settlement patterns, cultural transmission of customs and ideas, and ecosystem changes.

Téma IV: Individuálny rozvoj a identita

  • Štandard F - Študent identifikuje a opisuje vplyv vnímania, postojov, hodnôt a presvedčení na osobnú identitu.


Téma V: Jednotlivci, skupiny a inštitúcie

  • Standard A - The student demonstrates an understanding of concepts such as role, status, and social class in describing interactions of individuals and social groups.

Theme X: Civic Ideals and Practices

Standard F - The student identifies and explains the roles of formal and informal political actors in influencing and shaping public policy and decision-making.

Ciele pre študentov

1) To examine the practice of dueling in early 19th-century America.
2) To explain the significant role the Decatur House and its residents played in the social and political life of Washington, D.C. during the 19th and 20th centuries.
3) To examine the process of gaining access to politicians at the state and local level.

Materiály pre študentov

Nasledujúce materiály je možné použiť buď priamo v počítači, alebo ich vytlačiť, okopírovať a distribuovať študentom. The maps and images appear twice: in a low-resolution version with associated questions and alone in a larger, high-resolution version.

1) one map and drawing of Lafayette Park and its surroundings
2) four readingsthat describe Stephen Decatur's rise to fame and fortune, his early death, and the subsequent history of the house he planned and built
3) one historical painting and photo of Decatur House
4) floor plans of Decatur House.

Návšteva stránky

Decatur House is a museum property of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The house is located at 748 Jackson Place, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006. It is within easy walking distance of Farragut West and Farragut North Metro stations. The house is open Tuesday-Friday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m., Saturdays and Sundays, noon to 4 p.m. It is closed on Mondays, New Year's Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. For additional information, visit the Decatur House web page.

Začíname

Inquiry Question

In what type of setting do you think this house was/is located? in a city? on a farm? in a small town? What does the house tell you about the occupants?

Setting the Stage

In a series of complicated debates and compromises over the assumption of the states' Revolutionary War debts by the newly-created Federal Government, a diamond-shaped portion of land carved from the states of Maryland and Virginia became the District of Columbia. This site of the federal city of Washington stretched along the marshy shores of the Potomac River. Few people thought the site could ever become a great capital city. Abigail Adams, wife of John Adams, called it "the very dirtiest Hole," its streets a "quagmire after every rain." Senators and congressmen spent as little time as possible in Washington, often renting single rooms from one of the hotels or boarding houses near the Capitol building during the short terms of Congress. Those few government employees who worked year-round had little to do but collect tariffs, order the defense of the nation's borders, and deliver mail. Even they did not feel like settling in, because they believed it was highly possible that the capital might again be moved.

Conflicts abroad soon caused the government to grow. First, the country needed a navy to protects its trading interests against the Barbary Pirates of North Africa. Then the War of 1812 required additional growth of the navy and the army. With more governmental activity and responsibility, the city of Washington began to attract important and ambitious men. Among the new residents was Stephen Decatur, hero of the war with the Barbary Pirates and the War of 1812.

When the new government had purchased land for the president's mansion in 1792, it planned that the land on either side of President's Park, later renamed Lafayette Park, would be used as lots for private homes. For many years, the land lay vacant. When Decatur decided to build his home near the White House, however, others followed his lead, and the landscape of Lafayette Park began to take shape.

The conspicuous site chosen by Decatur was consistent with his military prominence and his public esteem. To design the house, he hired Benjamin Henry Latrobe, America's most prominent architect. This first private residence on President's Park was planned and built to be a place for sparkling entertainment in a city that was hungry for social occasions, and where social contacts played a central role in obtaining power and influence.

Locating the Site

Map 1: Lafayette park and its surroundings, 1891.

(Adapted from a diagram originally appearing in Leslie's Popular Monthly, Jan-June 1891 reprinted in Decatur House, edited by Helen Duprey Bullock (Washington, D.C.: National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1967.)


Drawing 1: Benjamin Latrobe's 1816 drawing of
President's Park.

(Historic Collections, St. John's Episcopal Church, Lafayette Square, Washington, D.C.)

Drawing 1 is a view of St. John's Church and the presidents' house in 1816, before Decatur House was built. In June 1818, Stephen Decatur bought 19 lots on President's Park. In consultation with Benjamin Henry Latrobe, the finest and most fashionable architect of the era, he chose to build his home on the most prominent of the lots. He decided that the site across the street from the northwest corner of the open park would provide a perfect view of the president's house and an unobstructed path to the newly-built St. John's Church. He planned to hold the other lots to sell when the price of property went up.

Questions for Map 1 and Drawing 1
1. Locate St. John's Church, the White House, and Decatur House on Map 1. How had the park and area around it changed between 1816 and 1891?
2. What kinds of occupations were held by the people who lived on Lafayette Park? Does the list help you understand the attraction Lafayette Park held for well-connected, influential people? What names do you recognize from the key?

Determining the Facts

Reading 1: Stephen Decatur, A Nation's Hero

Born in 1779 to a prominent Philadelphia family, Stephen Decatur was reared in the traditions of the sea. His father had been a successful privateer during the American Revolution and assumed command of a naval vessel when the official American navy was established in 1798. At the same time, young Stephen Decatur embarked as a midshipman aboard the new frigate United States. It took him only a year to be commissioned as a lieutenant.

Decatur's first real act of heroism came during the Barbary Wars of 1801-1804. For decades the North African states of Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli had seized ships, crews, and passengers all over the Mediterranean Sea and held them for ransom. European nations avoided such incidents by paying an annual sum of protection money, or tribute. Both Presidents Washington and Adams had followed that custom, but President Jefferson balked at the idea. Tripoli declared war on the United States in May 1801, and Jefferson sent a naval squadron to the Mediterranean. The war dragged on with few victories for either side. Then in 1804, Lieutenant Stephen Decatur performed a bold act. Under cover of darkness, he and 10 sailors slipped into Tripoli Harbor and set fire to the captured U.S. frigate Philadelphia guaranteeing that the ship could not be used by the Tripolitans against the Americans. His feat earned him a promotion to captain, and also the praise of Lord Nelson, England's greatest naval hero, who proclaimed it "the most bold and daring act of the age." The deed has been memorialized by the phrase in the Marine's Hymn: "to the shores of Tripoli."

During the War of 1812, Decatur and his men captured the British ship Macedonian, and brought her back as a prize to the safe shores of the United States. In 1815 Decatur commanded a squadron to Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli where he secured agreements forever ending U.S. payment of tribute to the Barbary States. After both triumphs, Decatur's exploits were widely described in newspapers. Greatly admired for his courage and cleverness, Decatur was honored with public dinners in New York and Norfolk, and presented with gifts of silver from Baltimore and Philadelphia.

Until the mid-19th century, captors of enemy vessels were entitled to receive a portion of the proceeds earned from the sale of the cargoes of captured ships. Decatur accumulated quite a generous sum through his exploits. With this prize money in hand, and with his appointment as a Commodore who would serve on the Navy Board of Commissioners, Decatur and his wife Susan came to Washington in 1816. Many people were eager to entertain the Decaturs, holding celebration dinners in the hero's honor. The reciprocal parties and dinners the Decaturs gave after they built their mansion on President's Park initiated the tradition of Decatur House as a focal point for Washington society.

The Commodore's reputation was that of a man with an engaging personality and good conversation. His wife charmed their guests with her intellectual achievements and her talent in playing the harp. Both were excellent hosts, and a party at Decatur House was always considered a notable event.

Questions for Reading 1
1. What actions made Stephen Decatur a national hero?
2. How did he become wealthy?
3. Why did Decatur settle in Washington and build his stately home there?


Reading 1 was adapted from Royana Bailey Redon, "Commodore Stephen Decatur," in Decatur House, edited by Helen Duprey Bullock (Washington, D.C.: National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1967) pp. 39-46.

Determining the Facts

Reading 2: A Conflict of Honor

As one of his earlier duties in the navy, Stephen Decatur had sat as one of the judges on the trial, or court martial, of Commodore James Barron. In 1807 Barron and his crew aboard the frigate Chesapeake encountered the more powerful British ship Leopard off the coast of Norfolk, Virginia. Finding his ship under attack with only one gun in place, Barron surrendered, and the British boarded his ship and seized four supposed deserters. The Chesapeake returned to Norfolk in humiliation, and the nation was furious.

In spite of a long and close friendship with Barron, Commodore Decatur agreed with the rest of the court that Barron had been at fault in the incident for failing to attempt appropriate defensive measures. Barron, who was expelled from the navy for a period of five years, was outraged that his old friend had agreed to the verdict.

When the War of 1812 began, Commodore Barron was overseas and just completing his five years of exile from the navy. He decided not to return to help defend his country. When Barron finally returned to the United States in December of 1818, he and Decatur were spoiling for a fight. Barron believed that Decatur was slandering his name in all of Washington, causing his "honor" to be destroyed. Decatur, for his part, criticized Barron's apparent lack of loyalty during the War of 1812. Barron claimed that he had no money and could not get back to this country. Back and forth over several years, the men exchanged letters. Eventually, the quarrel exploded into a battle of honor.

At this time it was not uncommon for men in public positions to challenge one another to a duel. Although dueling was outlawed in the District of Columbia, an unofficial "dueling ground" in nearby Bladensburg, Maryland, was used for many such illegal challenges. On March 22, 1820, Commodore Stephen Decatur and Commodore James Barron met on that field. Both men were shot, but Decatur was mortally wounded and died several hours later at his home on Lafayette Square.

At the height of his fame, and still ascending within the navy bureaucracy, Decatur gave up all for what he believed was an essential battle, a battle for his honor. The nation was distraught. People everywhere wept openly over the death of a favorite hero. John Quincy Adams, who attended the funeral, noted in his diary:

There were said to be ten thousand persons assembled . The procession walked to Kalorama [a section of Washington where Decatur's tomb was located]. A very short prayer was made at the vault by Dr. Hunter, and a volley of musketry from a detachment of the Marine Corps closed the ceremony over the earthly remains of a spirit as kindly, as generous, and as dauntless as breathed in this nation, or on this earth.1

Susan Decatur left the house, moving to another section of Washington, and later entered a convent where she died in 1855.

Questions for Reading 2
1. Why were Decatur and Barron at odds with one another?
2. Why did their quarrel escalate into a duel? What was the result of that duel?
3. How does the quotation from Adams' diary help you to understand the high regard people had for Decatur?

Reading 2 was adapted from Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Courtland Van Dyke Hubbard, Historic Houses of George-Town & Washington City (Richmond, VA: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1938) pp. 259-262.
1 As quoted in Eberlin and Hubbard, p. 262.

Determining the Facts

Reading 3: To Duel or Not to Duel

Following are excerpts from several letters exchanged between Commodores Barron and Decatur in the months before their duel:

Barron to Decatur, June 25, 1819
If you were in my place you would have written as I have. Several gentlemen in Norfolk told me that such a report was in circulation, but could not now be traced to its origin. Your declaration, if I understand it correctly relieves my mind from the apprehension, that you had so degraded my character as I had been induced to allege.

Decatur to Barron, June 29, 1819
I meant no more to disclaim the specific and particular expression to which your inquiry was directed, to wit, that I had said that I would insult you with impunity. As to the motives of the 'several gentlemen of Norfolk,' your informants, and their informants, or the rumors 'which cannot be traced to their origin,' on which their information was founded, or who they are, it is a matter of perfect indifference to me, as are also your motives in making such an inquiry upon such information.

Decatur to Barron, October 31, 1819
I do not think that fighting duels, under any circumstances, can raise the reputation of any man, and have long since discovered that it is not even an unerring criterion of personal courage. I should regret the necessity of fighting with any man but, in my opinion, the man who makes arms his profession is not at liberty to decline an invitation from any person who is not so far degraded as to be beneath his notice. Having incautiously said I would meet you, I will not consider this to be your case, although many think so and if I had not pledged myself, I might reconsider the case.

Barron to Decatur, [date is missing] 1819
Upon this subject of dueling, I perfectly coincide with the opinions you have expressed. I consider it as a barbarous practice which ought to be exploded from civilized society. But sir, there may be cases of such extraordinary and aggravated insult and injury received by an individual as to render an appeal to arms on his part absolutely necessary. You have hunted me out, have persecuted me with all the power and influence of your office. and for what purpose or from what other motive than to obtain my rank, I know not.

Decatur to Barron, December 29, 1819
If we fight, it must be of your seeking. I have now to inform you that I shall pay no further attention to any communication you may make to me, other than a direct call to the field.

Barron to Decatur, January 16, 1820
Whenever you will consent to meet me on fair and equal grounds, that is, such as two honorable men may consider just and proper, you are to view this as that call.

The Agreement to a Duel
On March 8th, 1820 both men signed the following agreement:
It is agreed by the undersigned, as friends of Commodore Decatur and Commodore Barron, that the meeting, which is to take place between the said Commodore Decatur and Commodore Barron, shall take place at 9 A.M., on the 22nd inst., at Bladensburg, near the District of Columbia, and that the weapons shall be pistols the distance, eight paces or yards that previous to firing, the parties shall be directed to present, and shall not fire before the word 'one' is given, nor after the word 'three' and that the words 'one, two, three' shall be given by Commodore Bainbridge.

Questions for Reading 3
1. What attitude did both men seem to have about the practice of dueling? Were their thoughts consistent with their actions?
2. Based on these excerpts, do you think Decatur or Barron provoked the duel? On what do you base your opinion?
3. Do you think the duel was inevitable? Prečo áno alebo prečo nie?

Reading 3 is excerpted from The Friends of Commodore Decatur, Correspondence Between the Late Commodore Stephen Decatur and Commodore James Barron Which Led to the Unfortunate Meeting of 22 March, 1820 (Washington, D.C: Gales and Seaton, 1820).

Determining the Facts

Reading 4: Decatur House Lives On

Although Decatur lived in the home he built in Washington, D.C. for only a year, it continues to be called by his name. As one of his biographers noted in 1938, "Stephen Decatur was one of the most romantic characters in American history. From the year of his birth down to that of his untimely death, a romantic glamour rested upon him. Like a faint, lingering odour of incense, an abiding trace of that glamour still attaches to the house he built."1

From 1820 until 1836, Susan Decatur rented the house to a long series of important political figures. Her first tenant was Baron Hyde de Neuville, the French minister and consul-general to the United States. The Baron and Baroness were very hospitable people, much given to entertaining, which they did exceedingly well. The next tenant was Baron de Tuyll, the Russian minister, who did not entertain as much as his brother diplomats, but who did give excellent dinner parties. On Washington and food, he commented, "Washington, with its venison, wild turkeys, canvas-backs, oysters, terrapins, &c., furnishes better viands [foods] than Paris, and only wants cooks."2

During the presidency of John Quincy Adams, the house was rented to Secretary of State Henry Clay, a prominent Whig and three times an unsuccessful candidate for president between 1824 and 1844. In the winter of 1828 a Washington resident wrote, "Mrs. C— is overwhelmed with company, besides a very large dining company every week and a drawing-room every other week. She says when Mr. C dines at home, he never dines alone but always has a social company in a family dinner, which however is really the trouble of a large one. She is obliged to go to other people's parties, sick or well, for fear of giving offence [sic], a thing more carefully avoided now than ever."3

In 1836 Susan Decatur finally sold the house on Lafayette Park to John Gadsby, a hotel owner and businessman. Although Decatur House remained an elegant setting for parties, the type of people who were entertained began to change. The French minister of the time wrote, "Some days ago I went to an evening party at Mr. Gadsby's. He is an old wretch who has made a fortune in the slave trade, which does not prevent Washington society from rushing to his house, and I should make my government very unpopular if I refused to associate with this kind of people. The gentleman's house is the most beautiful in the city, very well furnished, and perfect in the distribution of the rooms, but the society, my God!"4

After Gadsby's death in 1844, his widow rented out the house as Susan Decatur once had, and it continued to be the home of many illustrious people. During the Civil War the Federal Government took over Decatur House for use as office space. In 1871, General Edward Beale and his wife Mary bought Decatur House. They spent much time and money repairing damage done during the Civil War years, and remodeling the house to conform to the more ornate Victorian style of the Reconstruction years. Beale was a well-known character of his time. He carried the news of the California gold strike to Washington in 1848, fought with Kit Carson, scouted wagon roads and railroads in the West, and experimented with using camels as transport animals in the desert regions of the West.

In 1902, after the deaths of both General Beale and his wife, the house passed to their son Truxtun. Mrs. Beale became known as a generous and attentive hostess. Each year following the Christmas reception for the diplomatic corps at the White House, she held a party for the diplomats, and during Prohibition the Beale's well-stocked wine cellar outshone that in the White House. After her husband's death in 1936, Marie Beale remained at Decatur House for 20 more years. Upon her death in 1956, the Decatur House was bequeathed to the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The building is now a historic house museum, but receptions and parties continue to be held there.

Otázky na čítanie 4
1. What happened to Decatur House after the death of Stephen Decatur?
2. Why did the French Minister disapprove of John Gadsby?
3. Why do you think the government took over several houses on Lafayette Park during the Civil War?
4. Why do you think so many important people wanted to live in or be entertained at Decatur House?


Reading 4 was adapted from Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Courtland VanDyke Hubbard, Historic Houses of George-Town & Washington City (Richmond, VA: Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1938) a study by Phillips & Oppermann, P.A., Initial Investigations of Decatur House, for the National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington D.C., Volume I Summary, 1991 and Excerpt from the Development Plan for the Decatur House, prepared for the National Trust for Historic Preservation, by Francis D. Lethbridge and Associates, 1980.

1 As quoted in Eberlein and Hubbard, Historic Houses of George-Town & Washington City (Richmond, Virginia: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1938) p. 259.
2 As quoted in Eberlein and Hubbard, p. 266.
3 As quoted in Eberlein and Hubbard, p. 267.
4 As quoted in Eberlein and Hubbard, p. 271.

Drawing 2: 1822 watercolor of Decatur House
by E. Vaile.


USS Decatur (DD-5) on trials, 1902 - History

The following awards have been verified by OPNAVNOTE 1650 of 09 MAR 01


NU Navy Unit Commendation
18-FEB-1968 29-JUN-1968


MU Meritorious Unit Commendation
05-SEP-1972 05-MAR-1973


AE Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
14-OCT-1969 29-OCT-1969 J KOREA (1 OCT 66 - 3 JUN 74)


VS Vietnam Service Medal
15-FEB-1968 23-MAR-1968
15-APR-1968 18-MAY-1968
02-JUN-1968 01-JUL-1968
03-SEP-1969 08-OCT-1969
17-NOV-1969 04-DEC-1969
11-DEC-1969 12-JAN-1970
30-OCT-1970 25-NOV-1970
18-DEC-1970
01-JAN-1971 03-JAN-1971
12-JAN-1971 18-JAN-1971
30-JAN-1971 04-FEB-1971
10-FEB-1971 17-FEB-1971
24-FEB-1971 28-FEB-1971
07-MAR-1971 08-MAR-1971
11-MAR-1971 14-MAR-1971
16-SEP-1972 26-OCT-1972
04-NOV-1972 13-DEC-1972
22-DEC-1972 19-JAN-1973
03-FEB-1973 22-FEB-1973

Viet Nam Campaign Medal

USS JOUETT CG-29


NU Navy Unit Commendation
02-AUG-1990 01-NOV-1990


MU Meritorious Unit Commendation
13-NOV-1979 08-FEB-1980
16-JAN-1987 02-FEB-1987


NE Navy "E" Ribbon
01-JAN-1976 30-JUN-1977
01-JAN-1982 30-JUN-1983


EM Navy Expeditionary Service Medal
25-NOV-1979 28-JAN-1980 Iran/Indian Ocean
(21 NOV 79 - 20 OCT 81)


SA Southwest Asia Service Medal
05-AUG-1990 04-NOV-1990


HS Humanitarian Service Medal
11-SEP-1979 12-SEP-1979 Boat People
(21 JUL 79 - 30 JUN 84)

Veterans are entitled to one replacement set of their medals.
To request medals, send a Standard Form 180, which can be obtained from the
National Personnel Record Center web site (http://www.archives.gov),
to the Naval Liaison Office, National Personnel Records Center,
9700 Page Boulevard, St. Louis, Missouri 63132-5100.
Please write "Do not open in mailroom" on the outer envelope.
This information came from http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/questions/awards.html

Jouett Spotlight
"Damn the torpedoes! Four bells! Captain Drayton go ahead! Jouett full speed!"
An exclamation by David Farragut, an officer in the Union navy

Rear Admiral James Edward Jouett (7 February 1826 – 30 September 1902) was an officer in the United States Navy during the Mexican-American
War and the American Civil War. His father was Matthew Harris Jouett, a notable painter, and his grandfather was Revolutionary War hero Jack Jouett.

Born near Lexington, Kentucky, Jouett was appointed Midshipman 10 September 1841. He served on the African coast in Decatur
with Matthew C. Perry and in John Adams during the Mexican War.

At the beginning of the Civil War, Jouett was captured by Confederates at Pensacola, Florida but was soon paroled. He then joined the blockading
forces off Galveston, Texas, distinguishing himself during the night of 7 to 8 November 1861 in the capture and destruction of Confederate schooner
Royal Yacht. Jouett later commanded Montgomery and R. R. Cuyler on blockading duty and in September 1863 took command of Metacomet.

In the Battle of Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, his ship was lashed to Admiral David Farragut's flagship Hartford as the gallant ships entered the bay.
Monitor Tecumseh was sunk by an underwater "torpedo", but the ships steamed
boldly on, inspired by Farragut's famous command: "Damn the torpedoes! Four bells! Captain Drayton go ahead! Jouett full speed!"
Metacomet was sent after two Confederate gunboats, and in a short chase Jouett riddled Gaines and captured Selma.

Post-Civil War and last years

Jouett had various commands ashore and afloat after the Civil War, taking command of the North Atlantic Squadron in 1884. In 1889 he
commanded a naval force which forced the opening of the isthmus of Panama, threatened by insurrection. Rear Admiral Jouett retired
in 1890 and lived for most of his remaining years at "The Anchorage," near Sandy Springs, Maryland.

Three ships in the United States Navy have been named USS Jouett for him.

This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

We are always looking for Artifacts and Memorabilia for the Association. All artifacts, memorabilia, etc. will be
maintained by the Association and will be available for display at all reunions.
Displays at previous reunion have "sparked' conversation and brought back memories to those that have attended.
All items will become the property of the Association unless arrangements are made for returning to donor.
Any one wanting to donate Artifacts to the Association please contact Terry George

Displacement: 7,900 t. (full load)

Length: 547' Beam: 54'9 Draft: 14'9

Speed: 30+ k.

Complement: 418

Armament: 1- 5"/54 Gun Mount 2- 3"50 Rapid Fire Gun Mounts 1 Terrier SAM launcher ASROC LAMPS helicopter

Class: BELKNAP

Nearly 335,000 man-days of production were required in building JOUETT. Over 750,000 repair parts were stored on board to permit all levels of maintenance while underway. The gas turbine, diesel and steam generators could produce sufficient electricity to light all the homes in a city the size of Tacoma. The evaporators had the capacity to distill over 24,000 gallons of water per day.


USS Decatur (DD-5) on trials, 1902 - History

Messages
space history discussion forums

Sightings
worldwide astronaut appearances

Zdroje
selected space history documents

A reunion 57 years in the making

On Sept. 13, 1961, the Mercury Atlas 4 (MA-4) spacecraft launched into orbit. The automated (non-crewed) flight orbited the Earth just once, but it became America's first capsule to orbit the planet, and it paved the way for American astronauts to venture into space.

The mission demonstrated the capabilities of the Atlas LV-3B rocket to provide enough life to put the Mercury capsule into orbit and of the systems in the capsule to operate autonomously. The flight also succeeded in obtaining images of the Earth from space. It was the first successful orbital flight test of the Mercury program (all previous successes were of suborbital flights).

Splashdown of the MA-4 capsule occurred just 1 hour and 49 minutes after launch. The spacecraft was then recovered by the destroyer USS Decatur (DD-936) roughly 200 miles east of Bermuda. That day, the sailors on the Decatur helped handle a great piece of space exploration history, and thus, became a part of that story themselves.

Thomas Moore was not one of the sailors there that day on the DD-936, but he did serve on another Decatur vessel, the DDG-31 (as ships are retired, their name will sometimes be recycled to newer vessels), and inherently, felt a close connection to the crew that recovered the MA-4 capsule.

Each year, a member of the Decatur Association, a group that has served sailors from four different Decatur ships (DD-341, DD-936, DDG-31, and DDG-73) since the early 60s, can volunteer to host a reunion at the city of their choice. This year, Moore volunteered to host the gathering in Houston to commemorate the crew of the DD-936 and their role in America's first space program. A fitting choice since the reunion falls in 2018, a year which celebrates the 60th birthday of NASA and of the Mercury program.

57 years later, on the exact date of the MA-4 mission, Decatur Association members met at Space Center Houston to pay tribute to the crew of the DD-936 for their unique role in a historic moment of space travel history, when they recovered the MA-4 capsule.

The ship's bell, which is housed at NASA Johnson Space Center, will be on public display at Space Center Houston Sept. 15 and 16 to give a glimpse into a great American achievement and to honor those that were there when history was made.


Watch the video: Battleship Texas, Starboard Engine Room Mid Grate and Controls, Video 2 of 3


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